Pontifex Maximus or Pope Seated on Satan’s Throne

The Babylonian pagan worship of Nimrod, Semiramis, and the god-incarnate son extended throughout the entire world and eventually assumed the name of Trinitarian Christianity in Rome. Trinitarian paganism spread from Babylon to Rome by way of Pergamum. The Babylon Kings, who were descended from Nimrod, served as both king and priest of the pagan Babylonian Mystery religion. As priests, they bore the title “Pontifex Maximus” 125 or “Supreme Pontiff,” meaning “supreme pathfinder” or “bridge maker,” representing “the path or connection between this life and the next.” 126 They ruled upon the throne of Satan, which is the throne of Nimrod as the “hidden god.” 127 The last king to reign in Babylon was Belshazzar, who celebrated the pagan Babylonian ritual using the sacred Jewish temple vessels which his father King Nebuchadnezzar confiscated from the Jewish temple in 587 B.C.:

King Belshazzar made a great feast for a thousand of his wine in front of the thousand.

Belshazzar, when he tasted the wine, commanded that the vessels of gold and of silver which Nebuchadnezzar his father had taken [in 587 B.C.] out of the temple in Jerusalem be brought, that the king and his lords, his wives, and his concubines might drink from them. Then they brought in the golden and silver vessels which had been taken out of the temple, the house of God in Jerusalem; and the king and his lords, his wives, and his concubines drank from them. They drank wine, and praised the gods of gold and silver, bronze, iron, wood, and stone.

Immediately the fingers of a man’s hand appeared and wrote on the plaster of the wall of the king’s palace, opposite the lampstand; and the king saw the hand as it wrote. Then the king’s color changed, and his thoughts alarmed him; his limbs gave way, and his knees knocked together….

Then from his presence the hand was sent, and this writing was inscribed. And this is the writing that was inscribed: MENE, MENE, TEKEL, AND PARSIN. This is the interpretation of the matter: MENE, God has numbered the days of your kingdom and brought it to an end; TEKEL, you have been weighed in the balances and found wanting; PERES, your kingdom is divided and given to the Medes and Persians….

That very night Belshazzar the Chaldean king was slain. And Darius the Mede received the kingdom, being about sixty-two years old.

– Prophet Daniel 128

After the death of Belshazzar in 539 B.C., the Persian Emperor Cyrus conquered Babylon and forced the Babylonian princes to flee to Pergamum. They continued their reign there as priest-kings of Babylonian paganism. 129 In 133 B.C., Attalus III, the last Babylonian King to rule in Pergamum, willed his dominions to the Roman Caesar, and the kingdom of Pergamum merged with the Roman Empire along with Satan-Nimrod’s throne and the title “Pontifex Maximus.” 130

In 63 B.C., Julius Caesar, who had been elected Pontifex Maximus, became emperor of Rome and vested the office of Roman emperor with the priestly powers and functions of the Babylonian Pontiff. 131 Henceforth, the title Pontifex Maximus was used by the Roman Caesars as illustrated on a Roman coin depicting the image of Augustus Caesar (27 B.C.-14 A.D.) with his title “Pont. Max.,” which is an abbreviation of Pontifex Maximus.

Thus, the Roman emperors, like the preceding Babylonian emperors, now served as priests of Babylonian paganism, and bore the title Pontifex Maximus.


Pergamum Museum Berlin

For centuries, Pergamum remained the site of Nimrod’s throne. With the appearance of Christianity, Babylonian paganism threatened the early Christian church of Pergamum as related in the Revelation given by Jesus to His Apostle John, who referred to Pergamum as the seat of Satan’s throne which is Nimrod’s throne:

“And to the angel of the church in Pergamum write: ‘The words of him who has the sharp two-edged sword.

“‘I know where you dwell, where Satan’s throne is [i.e., Nimrod’s Throne]; you hold fast my name and you did not deny my faith even in the days of Antipas my witness, my faithful one, who was killed among you, where Satan dwells. But I have a few things against you: you have some there who hold the teaching of Balaam [pagan Babylonian trinity of Nimrod], who taught Balak to put a stumbling block before the sons of Israel, that they might eat food sacrificed to idols and practice immorality.

– Apostle John 132

In 376 A.D., Gratian became the first Roman emperor to refuse the idolatrous title of Pontifex Maximus. 133 He presented the Babylonian Throne, or Satan-Nimrod’s Throne to the bishop of Rome. 134

By this time, the Roman bishops had advanced in political power, and in 378 A.D., Bishop Damasus was elected Pontifex Maximus, becoming the official pagan Babylonian priest seated on Satan’s throne in Rome. As such, the bishop converted the pagan Babylonian temples of Rome into Trinitarian Christian churches and introduced the worship of Nimrod, Semiramis and the god-incarnate son under the respective titles of “god the father,” “god the son” and “god the holy spirit.” All the pomp and ceremony that existed in ancient Babylon was now practiced as Roman Trinitarian Christianity.

Before the Babylonian conversion into Trinitarian Christianity, the early Christians were a small cult surrounded by numerous Babylonian pagan temples. Historians, however, relate the amazing “overnight” conversion of Romans to Trinitarian Christianity, which coincided to a remarkable and unprecedented disappearance of paganism. 135 In actuality, the Roman pagans did not convert to Trinitarian Christianity; but rather, Bishop Damasus exercised his authority as head of Babylonian paganism in Rome, and replaced all the Christian elders with pagan priests and continued the practice of the pagan Babylonian Mystery religion under the name of Trinitarian Christianity. Henceforth, all the bishops of Rome have donned the robes of Nimrod along with the title of Pontifex Maximus.

The Roman Catholic bishops were viewed by most Christians as head of Trinitarian Christianity, and entitled pope or “pater patrum” in Latin, that is, “father of the fathers,”136 despite the fact that Jesus the Christ forbid His followers to refer to anyone as father except for the heavenly Father:

But you are not to be called rabbi [Hebrew for master or teacher 137 ], for you have one teacher, and you are all brethren. And call no man your father [pope, derived from the Greek “papa” meaning father 138 ] on earth, for you have one Father, who is inheaven. Neither be called masters, for you have one master, the Christ.

– Jesus the Christ 139

Thus, like the Babylonian emperors and the Roman Caesars before them, the pagan Roman Catholic popes were seated on the throne of Satan, and possessed the title Pontifex Maximus 140 as displayed on a medal portraying Pope Leo X (1513-1521 A.D.) with the inscription “Pont. Max.” (Figure 4).

Further evidence supports the fact that the papal office is the pagan Babylonian priesthood. Roman Catholic popes not only bear the title Pontifex Maximus and are seated on Satan-Nimrod’s throne, but they also wear the scarlet robes of Nimrod and the miter of the fish-god Dagon, plus they carry the shepherd’s crook of Nimrod and the mystical keys of Janus and Cybele, who were the pagan god and goddess representing Nimrod and Semiramis respectively.141

The Roman bishops wore only white robes until they received Satan’s throne and the title Pontifex Maximus. 142 Roman Catholic popes and cardinals now wear the scarlet robes of Nimrod. The shepherd’s crook or crosier carried by the pope is the magical crook traced directly to Nimrod who was the first shepherd king. 143 The miter worn by the pope represents the mouth of a fish and was worn by the pagan Philistine fish-god Dagon, 144 which is another name for Nimrod . 145 Also, the tiara worn by the popes is identical in shape to that worn by the Philistine fish-god Nimrod. 146


125. The Two Babylons, pp. 240-252.

126. PONTIFEX MAXIMUS. Baker’s Pocket Dictionary of Religious Terms.

127. The Two Babylons, pp. 275, 276.

128. Daniel 5:1-30.

129. The Two Babylons, pp. 240, 241.

130. ibid, p. 241.

131. Babylon Mystery Religion, p. 80; The Decline and Fall of the Roman Empire, pp. 66, 67.

132. Revelation 2:12-17.

133. Babylon Mystery Religion, p. 80; The Two Babylons, pp. 238, 247-252.

134. The Two Babylons, pp. 247, 248.

135. ibid., pp. 250, 251.

136. Babylon Mystery Religion, p. 83; The Catholic Encyclopedia, volume 10, p. 403.

137. RABBI. Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary.

138. POPE. Webster’s New Collegiate Dictionary.

139. Matthew 23:8-10.

140. PONTIFEX MAXIMUS. Supreme Pathfinder … the pope. Baker’s Pocket Dictionary of Religious Terms.

141. Babylon Mystery Religion, pp. 83-90; The Two Babylons, pp. 206-218.

142. Babylon Mystery Religion, p. 111.

143. CROSIER. Baker’s Pocket Dictionary of Religious TermsThe Two Babylons, p. 217.

144. The Two Babylons, pp. 216, 217.

145. ibid., pp. 114, 215, 252.

146. ibid., pp. 216, 217.

Book to read or download:

Babylon Mystery Religion: http://www.ubm1.org/babylon-woodrow.pdf

The two Babylons: http://ldolphin.org/PDFs/The_Two_Babylons-Alexander_Hislop.pdf

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